Welcome to Athens in 2008
George Kontogeorgos and Helen Deligeorgi-Politis, former President, IAP Hellenic Division. Helen began bidding for an International Congress in Athens many years ago. She was unsuccessful and it was left to George to finally make a successful bid. Helen joins George in welcoming delegates to come to Athens in 2008.
George Kontogeorgos and all the members of the Hellenic Division of the IAP invite the members of the International Academy of Pathology to come to Greece in October this year from 12th to the 17th to join with them for the IAP International Congress 2008.
They have designed a great scientific programme that covers a wide spectrum of topics in Pathology. There is an international faculty of convenors and speakers, all of whom are experts in their fields. Keynote speakers have been specially selected, and several attractive social events are planned.
Greece is a great place to visit, both for its modern attributes and also for its ancient sites which are redolent with history. For those who have had an interest in ancient Greek culture, and for those who would like to acquire some knowledge of this, there are numerous well presented and annotated museums filled with artefacts that make the study both interesting and enjoyable. The article on ancient Greece in this edition adds to the articles in previous editions of the News Bulletin. The authors hope that these articles will give readers a foretaste OF what they will find there, and help them to more fully appreciate what they see.
George Kontogeorgos with medical staff (pathologists and residents): Stratigoula Sakellariou (Resident), Vania Deska (Resident), Lambrini Christodoulou (Resident), Eugenia Papaliodi (Vice Director), Christina Ioakeimidou (Resident), Theodosia Horeftaki (Consultant), GK, George Liadakis (Resident), Akrivi Kostopoulou (Resident), Demetra Apessou (Consultant).
Personnel of my Lab: Vania Deska (Resident), Chryssanthi Berdoussi, (Technician), Lambrini Christodoulou (Resident), Christina Ioakeimidou (Resident), Lily Salapatara (Technician), George Kontogeorgos (Head), Natassa Macrynicola (Secretary), Eugenia Papaliodi (Vice Director), Akrivi Kostopoulou (Resident), Magda Pateraki (Chief technician), George Liadakis (Resident), Giota Zaverdinou (Technician), Stratigoula Sakellariou (Resident), Soula Roumeliotou (Technician), Theodosia Horeftaki (Consultant), Demetra Apessou (Consultant), Lia Hondrodima (Technician), Mary Delipetrou (Secretary), Demetra Melissou (Technician), Zetta Papachristou (Secretary), Maria Zambeli (Technician).
Staff of the Pathology Department, Kapodistrian University of Athens: Emmanuel Agapitos, Nikolaos Kavatzas, Penny Korkolopoulou, Anastasia Konstantinidou, Anton Lazaris, Kiki Aronis, Pauline Athanassiadou, Sophia Tseleni, Efstratios Patrsouris (Professor), Lydia Nacopoulou (Professor), Hara Gakiopoulou, Afrodite Noni
Aristotle University of Tessaloniki Pathology Department: Helen Nenopoulou, Georgia Karagiannopoulou, Anna Skordalaki, George Karkavelas, Valentine Tzioufa, Anthoula Asimaki, Tasoula Kiziridou, John Kostopoulos, John Efstratiou, Prodromos Hytiroglou.
Aristotle University of Tessaloniki Pathology Department: Foreground Christina Tsompanidou, Vasiliki Kotoula, Vasiliki Kaloutsi, 2nd from left in background Fotis Iordanidis, and Residents of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Pathology Lab.
George Kontogeorgos and Eleftherios Eleftheriadis on the foreshore of Tessaloniki harbour (the White Tower in the background is the symbol of the city).
Dina Tiniakos, Ipatia Doussis-Anagnostopoulou, Kotsinas Athanasios
George Kontogeorgos, President IAP Hellenic Division, Helen Karaiosifidou President Hellenic Society of Pathology, Ivi Arvaniti, Treasurer IAP Hellenic Division, Efi Bairaktari, Vice President IAP Hellenic Division.
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The Cycladic, Minoan and Mycenaean civilisations
There is a quality of excellence about Ancient Greece that brooks few comparisons” according to British historian Norman Davies.* This “quality of excellence” made its initial appearance in three Bronze Age cultures – on the islands of the Cyclades, on the island of Crete, and on the Peloponnesian Peninsula where the citadel of Mycenae appears to have been one of the most important centres.
A Cycladic statuette made from Parian marble.
Until its discovery by the modern art movement in the 20th century, Cycladic art was thought by lovers of the classical period as barbaric and primitive. But its influence on artists such as Picasso, Brancusi, Modigliani, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth and others was so strong that they made these long and slim marble figures well known to art lovers around the world.
The sculptor Henry Moore, who owned three Cycladic idols, loved the innate sculptural sense of these figures. He wrote: “I especially love the instinctive sense of importance which the Cycladic figures have. It is as if the sculptor could not make a mistake. Never did he arrive at a result which was not predictable from the beginning.” Commentary contributed by Dina Tiniakos.
Gold jewellery found in the shaft graves at Mycenae.
Beautiful Mycenaean pottery from the 12th century BC.
Below: 16th century BC Cycladic clay jug from the island of Melos.
The “Antelopes fresco.” This was buried under volcanic debris for three and a half thousand years near Akrotiri on the island of Thera.
With assistance from Dina Tiniakos and George Kontogeorgos
Reference: Davies N., Europe – a History, P 95
Random House, London, 1997.
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BRITISH SCHOOLS OF PATHOLOGY AND ALL THAT
The British Division of the IAP has always been primarily concerned with the education of its members in its member countries, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands and the Republic of Ireland. More recently, Council has advocated a wider role to facilitate, promote and sponsor pathology education in countries that may be seen to be disadvantaged, or which may benefit from greater co-operation with our member countries.
There is no doubt that the development which started all of this off was the Arab British School of Pathology. So much of the success of the School is due to our very own Professor Kristin Henry (also European Vice President and Chairman of the IAP Education Committee) and to many committed and industrious colleagues in the Arab World. Of the latter, I would particularly acknowledge Professors Ghazi Zaatari (Lebanon), Samir Amr (Saudi Arabia) and Ali El Hindawi (Egypt). Since December 2002, when the original meeting was held in Beirut, there have been five meetings: in Damascus, Cairo, Bahrain and Amman, so representing a wide coverage of Middle Eastern Arab-speaking countries. Due to the enthusiasm and dynamism of Professor Henry and her colleagues from the Arab Division, there has been excellent attendance at each of these meetings (varying from 50 to 250) and all of these have been resounding educational and social successes. The meeting will return to Beirut in 2008, under the organisation of one of its strongest supporters, Professor Ghazi Zaatari.
Traditional Sir Lankan dancers at the opening ceremony of the inaugural Sri Lankan British School of Pathology at the Galle Face Hotel, Colombo.
The Organisers and Lecturers of ICON-GI, the inaugural Sri Lankan British School of Pathology, September 2007. The chief organiser, Dr Isha Prematilleke (first left), with Dr Ray McMahon (Treasurer, BDIAP; second left) and Professors Dilani Lokuhetty (Former College President; third from left), Janaki Hewavisenthi (current College President; fourth from left), Geraint Williams (BDIAP President-Elect; centre) and Neil Shepherd (General Secretary, BDIAP, second from right).
Professors Samir Amr (left) and Kristin Henry (centre) receive Certificates of Merit and the IAP Gold Medal to acknowledge the huge contributions of the Arab British School of Pathology from the IAP General Secretary, Dr David Hardwick, in Montreal, September 2006.
Dr Ahmed Kalebi (Kenya; seated) first recipient of the BDIAP Training Fellowship with Professors Neil Shepherd (General Secretary, BDIAP), Martin Hale (IAP Vice President for Africa) and Alan Cameron (Professor of Pathology) in Johannesburg, January 2005.
The achievements of the Arab British School of Pathology were acknowledged by the awarding of a Gold Medal to the School and Certificates of Merit to its leading players at the Centenary IAP Congress in Montreal in September 2006.
Given the success of the Arab British School, BDIAP Council had no problems in supporting more recent similar initiatives in countries that have seen more than their fair share of recent troubles. The UK has always had strong links with Sri Lanka, which remains a proud member of the Commonwealth. Especially with the effects of the tsunami and recent downturns in the economy and tourism because of the Civil War, Council was delighted to support the creation of the Sri Lankan British School of Pathology. The inaugural meeting was held in Colombo in September 2007. It featured gastro-intestinal pathology. There were 150 delegates (extraordinarily there are only about 50 established pathologists in Sri Lanka!!) and the success of the meeting was a tribute to the local organiser, Dr Isha Prematilleke, and the College of Pathologists of Sri Lanka. The current President, Professor Janaki Hewavisenthi, and former Presidents, Professor Dilani Lokuhetty and Chandu de Silva, all featured strongly. It was also a pleasure to see many pathologists from India attending the meeting. The BDIAP team was its President-Elect, Treasurer and General Secretary and all had a marvellous time, especially visiting some of the superb ancient sights of the country. This School will meet biennially and the next meeting in 2009 will feature gynaecological pathology.
The Bosnian British School of Pathology, August 2007. The President, Dr Nurija Belalovic, is sixth from the left and the Chief Organiser, Dr Semir Vranic, is fourth from the right.
Bosnia was in the midst of a bitter Civil War not 15 years ago. Our Meetings Secretary, Dr Bryan Warren, through his contacts with an aid charity, proposed the establishment of the Bosnian British School of Pathology, pretty much based on the concepts of the Sri Lankan British School of Pathology. As a quirk of fate, the inaugural Bosnian Meeting, again on gastro-intestinal pathology, preceded that of the Sri Lankan School. So, our President-Elect and General Secretary found themselves in Sarajevo in August 2007. Sadly Bryan himself could not be there because of illness. It was extraordinary to see the optimism and enthusiasm of the pathologists we met, from Sarajevo, from old war hot spots like Banja Luka and from neighbouring countries such as Serbia and Slovenia. The meeting was convivial and the social events highly entertaining. Bosnia has come some way since the very dark days but many problems, not least educational funding, exist, especially for trainees. Thus BDIAP Council has agreed to support fourteen trainees from the Balkans to attend the IAP Word Congress in Athens in October 2008. The success of the meeting was a tribute to the President, Dr Nurija Belalovic, and especially to Dr Semir Vranic. Semir is an extraordinary relatively junior trainee with unending energy and dynamism. He was the chief organiser of the meeting and what a fantastic job he did! He has agreed to front the next meeting in Sarajevo in 2008 on breast and gynaecological pathology.
The BDIAP is also proud of its support for pathology education in Africa. It currently supports two pathology trainees from disadvantaged Anglophone countries (currently Kenya and Zambia) to train in the Republic of South Africa. The first trainee is Dr Ahmed Kalebi, from Kenya, who has been an enormous success. This bodes well for the future of this initiative. Professor Martin Hale from Johannesburg (African Vice President of the IAP) has been a crucial aspect of the success of these training posts and has put an enormous amount of work into ensuring their success. The BDIAP also sends “goodwill ambassadors” to support and lecture in national and international meetings in Africa, including a yearly sponsorship for the South African Divisional Meeting and two yearly for the APECSA (Association of Pathologists of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa) Meetings. More recently, of course, USCAP has initiated its “Friends of Africa” programme. Thus the efforts of USCAP, the BDIAP, the French Division and the exploits in Northern Africa through the Arab Division all serve to provide some support for pathology education to a continent with particular problems. As an example, one of our member countries is the Netherlands which has around 20 million people and about 400 established pathologists. In stark contrast, Zambia, with a similar population, has, at the last count, just five. We are really only scratching the surface of pathology education in Africa.
There is an additional drive for the BDIAP’s activities in many of these countries. It is our aim, and that of other Divisions, to promote the development of new Divisions of the IAP. It is a pleasure to note, therefore, that the East Africans are establishing their own Division and the Sri Lankans are in the early throes of establishing a Division there. We hope we can encourage more, perhaps especially in the Balkans. Council of the BDIAP is proud of its initiatives in many of these countries. It acknowledges that other Divisions have established similar developments in many different countries. It is surely an important mandate of the IAP to provide this organisational and financial support, particularly for disadvantaged countries, to pathology education worldwide.
Professor Neil A Shepherd
General Secretary, BDIAP
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The First Meeting of The
Western Indian Ocean Pathologists
August 15-18, 2007
About three years ago, Dr. Frank W Kiel, a retired US pathologist and former pathologist at the National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia asked me whether I could help him to get some support from IAP to hold the first meeting for pathologists in countries located on the Western side of the Indian Ocean. These countries include several islands in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa as well as African countries fronting the Indian Ocean. They include Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, Mozambique, South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Comoros, and Seychelles.
Above: Participants group picture in front of the meeting place at CHU-HJRA Government Hospital.
Visit to the rural hospital at Moranmanga.
L to R: Mrs Kiel, Dr Rakuth, Samir Amir and Martin Hale.
Members of the organising committee and invited speakers.
Dr. Kiel had been working in Madagascar for over 8 years as a volunteer for Pathologists Overseas, a nonprofit corporation based in California. He trained several local pathologists and supervised the operation of a medical laboratory which belongs to the medical services of the Lutheran Church, named SALFA, in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar. Dr. Kiel and his dynamic wife Ruth, thought that having a pathology meeting in Madagascar, the first ever to be held in this under-developed African nation of 18 million people, would help to draw attention to the health problems of that geographic region, and to attract international aid to the region.
A small grant was obtained from the Education Committee of the IAP and support came from Dr. Martin Hale, Vice President for Africa and from the Arab division of IAP. The organising committee consisted of Dr. and Mrs. Kiel, and local Malagasy pathologists, particularly Dr. Andriamanantsoa Rakouth and Dr. Ramiandrasoa A. Lalaoarifetra. The President of the meeting was Prof. Nantenaina Randrianjafisamindrakotroka, from the Medical School of the University of Antananarivo. (In Madagascar they specialise in long names!).
The scientific program included lectures from guest speakers and papers from Malagasy pathologists, oncologists and surgeons. Two interesting presentations stand out. One on the “Peopling of Madagascar” by Dr Himla Soodyall, Professor of Genetics at the University of the Witwaterstrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. The other paper was on medical geography of the Western Indian Ocean presented by Dr Frank W Kiel. He described his trips to medical centers and pathology units in various countries located on the Western side of the Indian Ocean.
Dr. Hale came with a group of speakers from South Africa including Prof. Jill Murray, Prof. Trefor Jenkins and Dr. Soodyall. He also presented a lecture and a slide seminar on pathology of AIDS
Dr Amr gave a paper and also distributed to the participants 30 copies of a DVD containing 4 gigabytes of lectures and slide seminars from USCAP Meetings. These DVDs (courtesy of the USCAP) were a gift from the Arab Division of IAP to the Malagasy pathologists. The local pathologists, with help from Dr Kiel, are working on establishing an IAP Division for Western Indian Ocean Countries.
On the third day of the meeting, there was a field trip to observe Madagascar villages, local hospitals and conservation efforts. The participants watched lemurs and other primitive primates in their natural habitats.
Vice President for Asia, IAP
Past President, Arab Division of IAP