At the 1992 Academy meeting in Madrid, the then President,
Professor Antonio Llombart-Bosch, printed the Constitution and By-Laws
of the Academy as a small book and inserted a copy into the Conference
satchels. Several thousand copies were left over from the print run
and were readily available for several years.
The review of the first
75 years of the Academy, written by Dr. Ken Earle in 1981, gives
an insight into the long history and traditions of the International
Association of Medical Museums, which was renamed "The International
Academy of Pathology" in 1955, and the key role played by the then Secretary
/ Treasurer, F. Kash Mostofi along with Chapman Binford, Jesse Edwards,
Robert E. Stowell, Colonel Ash, Harold Stewart, Harold Gordon, Edward
B. Smith, Edward Gall, F. W. Wigglesworth, Lall G. Montgomery, Natham
Kaufman, G. Cunningham and others in transforming that body into its
present very successful form.
The relationship of the International Academy of Pathology
to the US / Canadian Division of the Academy, as it was called until
quite recently, has been extremely close. As a result, the US / Canadian
Division was never incorporated. Only in the eighties was it was discovered
that the 1955 incorporation of the International Academy of Pathology
did not endow the US / Canadian Division with a legal existence. The
legal liability of the US / Canadian Divisionís members was thus unlimited.
In the unlikely event of that Division becoming bankrupt, all US / Canadian
members would have been personally responsible for the Divisional debts.
The Division was promptly incorporated but acting on legal advice, the
Divisionís legal name became "The US / Canadian Academy of Pathology"
(USCAP), to distinguish it from the parent body, "The International
Academy of Pathology", which is also incorporated in The United States.
P W Allen
DETAILS OF INCORPORATION
The International Academy of Pathology was incorporated
in the District of Columbia, United States of America, on November 14,
1955 (Certificate No. 44020, Book 0138, Page 508). The Certificate of
Incorporation was signed by Frank B. Johnson, Herman Van Cott, and Webb
Haymaker, all of the staff of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology,
Washington D.C., United States of America.
BENEFACTORS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL MUSEUMS
LORD STRATHCONA. $5,000 Donated in 1914
THE CARNEGIE FOUNDATION. $5,000 Donated in 1929
The Lord Strathcona and Carnegie funds were held in Candian
investments until 1996, when all the Academy funds were consolidated
in the United States. The value of the funds at the time of consolidation
was US$ 22,449.
PAST AND PRESENT OFFICE BEARERS
International Association of Medical Museums (IAMM)
Major James Carroll (USA) 1907
W. G. MacCallum (USA) 1908/09
A. S. Warthin (USA) 1910/11
R. M. Pearce (USA) 1912/13
Ludwig Aschoff (Germany) 1914/16
IAMM (US/Canadian Section)
A. S. Warthin 1916/18
O. Klotz 1918/19
W. M. L. Coplin 1920/21
James Ewing 1921/22
F. B. Mallory 1922/24
James F. Coupal 1924/29
H. E. Robertson 1929/32
George R. Callender 1932/33
Victor Jacobsen 1933/34
William Boyd 1934/36
V. H. Cornell 1936/38
Carl V. Weller 1938/39
Colonel James Earl Ash 1939/40
Tracy B. Mallory 1940/41
William H. Feldman 1941/42
Samuel R. Haythorn 1942/47
Ralph D. Lillie 1947/48
Everett L. Bishop 1948/49
Colonel James Earl Ash 1949/50
G. Lyman Duff 1950/51
Granville A. Bennett 1951/52
James B. McNaught 1952/53
Averill A. Leibow 1953/54
Harold L. Stewart 1954/55
International Academy of Pathology (US/Canadian Division)
Jesse E. Edwards 1955/56
Edward B. Smith 1956/57
William O. Russell 1957/58
Chapman H. Binford 1958/59
Robert E Stowell 1959/60
F. W. Wigglesworth 1960/61
Benjamin Castleman 1961/62
John B. Hazard 1962/63
J. Lowell Orbison 196364
David E. Smith 1964/65
Henry D. Moon 1965/66
A. James French 1966/67
Robert H. Moore 1967/68
Joshua L. Edwards 1968/69
Edward A. Gall 1969/70
T. C. Jones 1970/71
William Christopherson 1971/72
International Academy of Pathology (IAP)
F. Kash Mostofi (USA) 1972/76
Nathan Kaufman (USA) 1976/79
Peter Gedigk (Germany) 1979/81
Erkki A. Saxen (Finland) 1981/82
Roger E. Cotton (England) 1983/84
Jack M. Layton (USA) 1985/86
Adonis R.L. de Carvalho (Brazil) 1987/88
Jack P. Strong (USA) 1989/90
Antonio Llombart-Bosch (Spain) 1991/92
David F. Hardwick (Canada) 1993/94
Philip W. Allen (Australia) 1995/96
Cecilia M. Fenoglio-Preiser (USA) 1997/98
Anna Kadar (Hungary) 1999/2000
Stephen Vogel (USA) 2001
Shinichiro Ushigome (Japan) 2002
Stephen Vogel (USA) 2001/2002
Shinichiro Ushigome (Japan) 2003/2004
Francis Jaubert (France) 2005/2006
Konrad Muller (Australia) 2007/--
Maude Abbott (Sec / Treas) 1906/38
W. W. Francis (Asst Sec / Treas) 1910
James Earl Ash (Sec / Treas) 1940/48
Ruell A. Sloan (Sec / Treas) 1949/51
Chapman Binford (Acting Sec / Treas) 1951
Harold Stewart (Sec / Treas) 1951
F. Kash Mostofi (Sec / Treas) 1952/69
Joshua L. Edwards (Sec / Treas) 1970/80
Kenneth M. Earle 1981/82
Leslie H. Sobin 1983/88
Jack M. Layton 1989/94
Florabel G. Mullick 1995/2006
David F. Hardwick 2007/--
Leland D. Stoddard 1981/92
Jack P. Strong 1993/--
VICE PRESIDENTS, IAMM
W. G. MacCallum (USA) 1907/09
J. Ritchie (England) 1907/09
J. Ludwig Aschoff (Germany) 1907/13
G. Sims Woodhead (England) 1909/13
Edmond Souchon (USA) 1909/13
Arthur Keith (England) 1913
Pierre Marie (France) 1913
R. M. Pierce (USA) 1913
Matthew J. Stewart (England) 1949
William Boyd (Canada) 1949
W.G. MacCallum (USA) 1909
D. S. Lamb (USA) 1909
F. F. Westbrook (USA) 1909
Prof. LeCount 1909
P. G. Wooley (USA) 1909
W. Ophalus (USA) 1909
George Whipple (USA) 1909
William Osler (England) 1913
J. G. Adani (USA) 1913
Paul Courmant (France) 1913
A. S. Warthin (USA) 1913
Bernard Fischer (Germany) 1913
J Fibiger (Denmark) 1913
Prof. Harbitz (Norway) 1913
Prof. Askanazy (Switzerland) 1913
de Josselin de Jong (Holland) 1913
Rene Sand (Belgium) 1913
G. Lyman Duff (Canada) 1949
Everett L. Bishop (USA) 1949
Wilfred D. Newcomb (England) 1949
D. F. Chappell (Scotland) 1949
VICE PRESIDENTS IAP
AFRICA: C.J. Uys (1981/84); A.O. Williams (1981/86); R.O.C.
Kaschula (1985/2000); A. Yaker (1987/92); Michel Honde (1993/94); M.
Pellegrin de Villeneuve (1995/2002); Martin J. Hale (2001/08); Jean-Marie
ASIA: Eisei Ishikawa (1981/84, 1993/94); Natth Bhamarapravati
(1981/82); Prasert Pancharee (1983/84); Y. Nishiyama (1985/90); B.S.
Raichur (1985/88); Joseph C.K. Lee (1989/98); Y.F. Dajani (1991/98);
Munetomo Enjoji (1995/96); Shinichiro Ushigome (1997/2000); Samir Amr
(1999/2008); H.K. Ng (1999/2008); Sivadas (2001/02); H.K. Harilal (2003/06);
Robert Y. Osamura (2003/08); Anita Borges (2007/08)
AUSTRALASIA: V.J. McGovern (1981/82); T.J. Constance (1983/86);
Philip W. Allen (1987/92); Keith B. Shilkin (1993/98); H.Konrad Muller
(1999/2004); Robert Eckstein (2005/08)
EUROPE: Antonio Llombart-Bosch (1981/88); Sven Widgren
(1981/84); Christian Nezelof (1985/88); I.D. Ansell (1989/92); L. Mosca
(1989/90); Anna Kadar (1991/96); Michel Prade (1991/94); Roderick N.M.
MacSween (1993/98); Gunter Delling (1995/2000) ; Francisco J. Martinez
Tell (1997/2006); Kristin Henry (1999/2008); Francis Jaubert (2001/02);
Günter Klöppel (2003/08); George Kontogeorgos (2005/08): Jahn
NORTH AMERICA: Jack M. Layton (1981/82); David Robertson
(1981/82); William H. Hartmann (1983/86); Benjamin F. Trump (1983/86);
David F. Hardwick (1987/90); F. Stephen Vogel (1987/94, 1997/98); Cecilia
Fenoglio-Preiser (1991/94); Harvey Goldman (1993/2008); William A. Gardner,
Jr. (1995/2006); David F. Hardwick (1999/2006); Silvia Asa (2007/08);
Fred Silva (2007/08)
SOUTH AMERICA: Jorge Garcia-Tamayo (1981/82); Adonis R.L.
de Carvalho (1981/84); Jose G. Casas (1983/90); Carlos Marigo (1987/88);
Paulo Cardoso de Almeida (1989/94); Natalio Guman (1991/96); Marcelo
Franco (1995/2002& 2007/08); Eduardo Santini Araujo (1997/2008);
Paulo Cardoso de Almeida (2003/06)
EDITORS, BULLETIN OF THE IAMM
Maude Abbott 1904/38
Robert A. Moore 1939/
Sidney Farber 1946/51
Thomas D. Kinney 1951/52
EDITORS, INTERNATIONAL PATHOLOGY
Vincent J. McGovern (Australia)(1982/ 86)
Roger E. Cotton (United Kingdom)(1987/94)
Robin A. Cooke (Australia)(1995/--)
Secretary International Academy of Pathology, Inc.
David F. Hardwick, MD, FRCPC, LLD
Faculty of Medicine, Deanís Office
The University of British Columbia
317 ≠ 2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6T 1Z3
Fax: +1604 822-6061
CURRENT OFFICERS OF THE ACADEMY
H. Konrad Muller, MB.BS, Ph.D
David F. Hardwick, MD
Jack P. Strong, MD
VICE PRESIDENTS (1995-07):
Martin J. Hale, MD
Jean-Marie Dangou, MD
Samir S. Amr, MD
H.K. Ng, MD
Anita Borges, MD
Robert Y. Osamura, MD
Robert P. Eckstein, MD
Günter Klöppel, MD
Jahn M. Nesland, MD
Kristin Henry, MD
George Kontogeorgos, MD
VP North America
Sylvia Asa, MD
Harvey Goldman, MD
Fred Silva, MD
VP South America
Eduardo Santini-Araujo, MD
Marcello F. Franco, MD
EDITOR, INTERNATIONAL PATHOLOGY (1995/--):
Robin A. Cooke, MD, FRCPA, FRCPath
Mater Hospital, Brisbane Australia
INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ORGANISER:
Mrs. Leah Shander (1974-)
Mr. Jim Crimmins (2006-):
FINANCE COMMITTEE (2006/08):
The Finance Committee assists the treasurer in drawing
up a budget, to review the financial status and to attempt to keep expenditures
CHAIR: H. Konrad Muller, MB.BS, Ph.D firstname.lastname@example.org
Member: Florabel G. Mullick, MD, ScD email@example.com
Member: Shinichiro Ushigome, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Member: Jack P. Strong, MD email@example.com
Member: Harvey Goldman, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Member: Jan van den Tweel, MD J.vandenTweel@umcutrecht.nl
Member: Jim Crimmins email@example.com
Member: David F. Hardwick, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
EDUCATION COMMITTEE (2006/08):
The Education Committee is established to serve in an advisory
capacity to the Executive Committee and the Council. The Committee identifies
educational and scientific needs in underserved geographic areas and
has the responsibility to arrange, supervise, audit, and evaluate educational
programs, that are responsive to these needs, and that are supplemental
to the offerings of the biannual Congresses of the International Academy.
The Committee selects lecturers, faculty, course directors, and moderators
for structured presentations such as symposia, courses, and lectures,
as will most appropriately satisfy the educational and scientific needs
of the sponsored didactic programs.
Chair: Kristin Henry, MD email@example.com
President: H. Konrad Muller, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Secretary: David F. Hardwick, MD email@example.com
Rep for Australasia & Asia: H.K. Ng, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Rep for Australasia & Asia: Francisco Couto, MD email@example.com
Rep for Eastern Europe: Alina Romanenko firstname.lastname@example.org
Rep for EuropeL; Anna Kadar, MD email@example.com
Rep for Europe: Antonio Llombart-Bosch, MD Antonio.LLombart@uv.es
Rep for Middle East/Arab Countries: Ghazi Zaatari, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Rep for North America: Cecilia Fenoglio-Preiser, MD email@example.com
Rep for North America: Fred G. Silva, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Rep for South Africa: Johann Schneider, MD email@example.com
Rep for South America: Sergio Sanchez Sosa, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Past President: Francis Jaubert, MD email@example.com
President Elect: Florabel G. Mullick, MD, ScD firstname.lastname@example.org
The Nominating Committee consists of the three person who have most
recently served as President of the Academy. The Committee reports to
the International Council.
Chair: Francis Jaubert, MD email@example.com
Member: Shinichiro Ushigome, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Member: F. Stephen Vogel, MD email@example.com
INTERNATIONAL CONGRESSES AND CONGRESS PRESIDENTS
October 1 & 2, 1908
August 6 & 7, 1913
June 20 - 25, 1960
July 8 - 13, 1962
June 22 - 27, 1964
October 13 - 19, 1966
September 5 - 11, 1968
May 12 - 19, 1970
September 4 - 8, 1972
September 16 - 21, 1974
October 17 - 23, 1976
September 10 - 15, 1978
September 15 - 19, 1980
October 11 - 16, 1982
September 2 - 7, 1984
August 31 - Sept. 5, 1986
September 4 - 9, 1988
September 9 - 14, 1990
October 17 - 23, 1992
October 9 - 14, 1994
October 20 - 25, 1996
October 18 - 24, 1998
Mexico City, Mexico
Washington, DC, USA
Miami Beach, Florida, USA
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Shatin,N.T Hong Kong
Erwin A. Uehlinger
Richard E. Palmer
Jack M. Layton
J. Heinrich Holzner
Joseph C. K. Lee
Jan van den Tweel
INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF PATHOLOGY
STATUS OF DIVISIONS
DIVISION NUMBER OF MEMBERS
1 1 0
1 1 0
1 1 0
There have been no dues received from the following divisions since
1992 or earlier
Total number of Divisions in 1996: 46
Total number of members in 1995: 12,193
CONSTITUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF PATHOLOGY
ARTICLE I — Name
This corporation shall be called The International Academy of Pathology,
hereinafter referred to as the “Academy”.
ARTICLE II — Objectives
The purpose of the Academy shall be the advancement of pathology through:
a. Improvement of methods of teaching pathology in medical schools,
laboratories, hospitals and medical museums.
b. Coordination of anatomic pathology, pathologic physiology and comparative
pathology with allied sciences and techniques.
c. Promotion of research in pathology and pathologic techniques.
d. The formation of national or larger geographic Divisions.
e. Publication of journals and reports that will afford media, including
electronic, for dissemination of the results of work in the above fields.
f. Convocation of meetings and congresses for exchange of scientific
information and ideas.
ARTICLE III - Membership
1. Membership shall be international in scope and shall consist of the
following categories: regular members, junior members, associate members,
sustaining members, emeritus members, and honorary members. These classes
shall be defined in the Bylaws.
2. Election to membership shall be by the Council of any Division. Each
applicant shall be sponsored by two members of the Academy and the candidate’s
application shall be accompanied by a letter of recommendation from
each of the sponsors. Election to honorary membership and emeritus membership
shall be by the approval of the International Council upon written recommendation
from a Division. Any person who is elected to any class of membership
by a Division automatically shall be a member of the same classification
concurrently in the Academy. Where no Division exists, election to membership
will be made by the Executive Committee, nominations being made by two
members and sent to the Secretary.
ARTICLE IV — Officers, International
Council and Executive Committee
1. The officers shall be a President, a President-elect, a Secretary
and a Treasurer, and one or more Vice-Presidents, not to exceed four
from any continent, as from time to time may be deemed appropriate by
the International Council. One person may hold the offices of Secretary
and of Treasurer at the same time and shall, when this occurs, be known
as Secretary-Treasurer. The officers shall be elected in a manner and
shall hold their offices for such term with such right of succession
as shall be specified in the Bylaws.
2. The International Council shall consist of the Officers, the most
recently retired President, hereinafter referred to as the Past President,
and the Councilors. The Editor of International Pathology shall be an
ex-officio member of the International Council without the power to
vote. The Councilors shall be appointed in the manner and serve for
such terms as are specified in the Bylaws.
3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the officers and the Past
President. The President of the immediately forthcoming International
Congress shall serve as an advisory member without right to vote. The
Executive Committee shall have the power to act for the International
Council when the latter is not in session.
ARTICLE V - Divisions of the Academy
1. Members residing in one or more nations may be constituted into an
administrative subdivision to be known as a Division, as a means of
more effectively pursuing the objectives and purposes of the Academy.
The territorial area over which a Division shall have jurisdiction shall
be the nation or nations in which the applicants reside for the creation
of a Division.
2. Application to form a Division may be made to the International Council
by ten (10) or more members residing in the area of the proposed Division,
which application shall state the name of the Division, the geographical
area it is to serve, a copy of the bylaws which will govern it, and
the names of the temporary officers and councilors to serve until the
3. Should a Division contain two or more nations, it can be subdivided
into two or more Divisions of one or more nations each upon the approval
by the International Council of an application for such subdivision
made by ten (10) or more members of each nation desiring to be separated
from the Division sought to be subdivided, which application shall contain
the same information required for the formation of a Division as provided
in paragraph numbered 2 of this Article V.
4. If the International Council shall approve the creation of a Division
in either instance, it shall evidence such approval by the adoption
of an appropriate resolution prescribing the operations of such Division,
the frequency and character of meetings which it shall hold, and the
submission of reports thereof and of all scientific and business activities
of the Division, and the requirement that operations of the Division
shall be In accordance with the Constitution and the Bylaws of the Academy
including any amendments in the future thereto.
5. The requirements in the resolution approving the formation of the
Division may from time to time be eliminated, amended, or supplemented
by new requirements by the International Council.
6. Reports of all scientific and business activities of each Division
shall be submitted to the International Council through the Secretary
of the Academy. It shall be the responsibility of the International
Council, through reviewing these reports and such other reports as may
be submitted to it through divisional representatives, to determine
that the operations of each Division are being conducted in a manner
consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Academy.
7. Applications to form a Division or to subdivide a Division and all
reports and other information required of a Division shall be filed
with the Secretary who shall promptly present to the International Council
all such communications.
8. Upon the failure of a Division to comply with any one of the requirements
of the International Council, whether contained in the original resolution
approving the formation of the Division or one amendatory or supplementary
thereto, after three hundred sixty-five (365) days notice in writing
of such default shall have been given the Division by the Secretary,
the International Council may dissolve such Division or revoke any powers
that may have been delegated to it.
9. The existence of a Division at the time of the adoption of this amendment
shall not be affected thereby.
ARTICLE VI - Assemblies
1. The International Council, upon the recommendation of the Executive
Committee, may from time to time form groups of members to be known
as “Assemblies”, membership in which shall be voluntary
and need not be composed of members from one Division; the name of each
Assembly and the scope of its interests and activities shall be prescribed
by the Executive Committee.
2. An Assembly may be dissolved by the International Council upon the
recommendation of the Executive Committee.
ARTICLE VII — Meetings
1. The International Congresses of the Academy shall be held every two
years at the call of the President at such places and times as are decided
by the International Council. Regional meetings of the Academy may be
held at the discretion of the International Council.
2. Regular meetings of the International Council shall be held during
each International Congress at the place and time designated by the
3. A special meeting of the International Council may be called at any
time and from time to time by the President or any twelve (12) Councilors.
A written notice of each such called meeting shall be sent via air mail
to each member of the Council by the Secretary of the Academy not less
than sixty (60) days prior to the date of the meeting; the place and
time of the meeting to be designated by whomsoever calls the meeting
and the notice of the meeting shall specify the place and time it will
4. Regular meetings of the Executive Committee shall be held during
each International Congress at the place and time designated by the
5. A special meeting of the Executive Committee may be called at any
time and from time to time by the President of the Academy or any two
other members of the Executive Committee and a written notice of each
such called meeting shall be sent via air mail to each member of the
Executive Committee by the Secretary of the Academy not less than sixty
(60) days prior to the date of the meeting; the place and time of the
meeting to be designated by whomsoever calls the meeting and the notice
of the meeting shall specify the place and time and reason for the meeting.
6. General business meetings for all members of the Academy shall be
held during each International Congress at a place and time designated
by the President, and the minutes of each such meeting shall be published
in International Pathology.
7. All meetings of the International Council and of the Executive Committee,
and all International Congresses, and all general business meetings
of the Academy shall be conducted in English and in accordance with
Robert’s Rules of Order Revised, Seventy-fifth Anniversary Edition.
ARTICLE VIII — Transaction
1. A quorum at each meeting of the International Council shall consist
of twelve (12) members of whom at least one (1) shall be an officer
of the Academy and there shall be representatives of a majority of the
Divisions, provided that all members of the International Council shall
have been notified of the meeting not less than sixty (60) days prior
to the date of the meeting, or shall have waived such notice and time
of notice by an instrument in writing.
2. A quorum at each meeting of the Executive Committee shall consist
of the President or President-elect and nine (9) of its other members,
provided that all members of the Executive Committee shall have been
notified of the meeting not less than sixty (60) days prior to the date
of the meeting, or shall have waived such notice and time of notice
by an instrument in writing.
3. A quorum at a general business meeting of the Academy shall consist
of the members present of whom at least three (3) shall be officers
and four (4) Councilors.
ARTICLE IX — Publications
1. The official publication of the Academy shall be entitled INTERNATIONAL
Additional publications may be authorized from time to time by the international
Council or by any one or more Divisions.
ARTICLE X — Miscellaneous Provisions
1. No part of the net earnings of the Academy shall Inure to the benefit
of or be distributable to its members, officers, or other private persons;
except that the Academy shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable
compensation for services rendered to it and to make payments and distributions
in furtherance of the purposes set forth in Article II. No substantial
part of the activities of the Academy shall be the carrying on of propaganda,
or otherwise attempting to influence legislation except that the opinions
of the Academy may be expressed upon professional matters when these
become legislative issues; and the Academy shall not participate in
or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements)
any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Constitution or the Bylaws,
the Academy shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to
be carried on (a) by a corporation exempt from Federal income tax under
section 5O1(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding
provision of any future United States internal revenue law), or (b)
by a corporation, contributions to which are deductible under section
17D(c)(2) by the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding
provision of any future United States internal revenue law).
2. Upon the dissolution of the Academy, the International Council shall,
after paying or making provisions for the payment of all liabilities
of the Academy dispose of all of the assets of the Academy exclusively
for the purposes of the Academy, in such manner, or to such organization
or organizations organized and created exclusively for charitable, religious,
or scientific purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt organization
or organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code
of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States
internal revenue law), as it may deem desirable. Any of such assets
not so distributed shall be disposed of by the court of appropriate
jurisdiction of the country or other political subdivision in which
the principal office of the Academy is then located, exclusively for
such purposes or to such organization or organizations as said court
shall determine to be organized or operated exclusively for such purposes.
ARTICLE XI — Corporate Seal
There shall be a corporate seal which shall consist of two concentric
circles and between the inner circle and the outer circle shall be the
words “The International Academy of Pathology, Inc.” and
in the center there shall be pictures of the lamp of knowledge, of a
microscope resting on a book, of the globe and at the bottom “I.A.M.M.
1906,” an impression of such seal being made on the margin of
ARTICLE XII — Amendments to the Constitution
This Constitution may be amended by the approval of two-thirds of the
members of the Academy voting thereon by ballot on a form to be prepared
by the Secretary and mailed to each member eligible to vote and after
being marked by such member shall be returned to the Secretary so that
it will be received by him/her not later than sixty (60) days after
being mailed by the Secretary, provided, however, that no proposed amendment
shall be submitted for adoption unless and until it shall have been
first reviewed by the Executive Committee and then approved by the International
Council whose approval and a statement of the reasons therefore together
with a copy of the substance of the proposed amendment shall accompany
each ballot when it is mailed to each member eligible to vote.
CHAPTER I - Membership
1. Regular Members shall consist of those who possess (a) the degree
of Doctor of Medicine or its international equivalent, and a minimum
of four (4) years of training and experience in pathology and who have
demonstrated an interest in research and teaching, or (b) a doctorate
or its international equivalent in veterinary medicine or in dentistry
or in an allied biologic science and training, experience, and interests
in his/her field equivalent to those required of Doctors of Medicine.
2. Junior Members shall consist of those who possess the degree of Doctor
of Medicine, or its international equivalent, and who are actively engaged
in formal training in pathology. Junior Membership shall be limited
to the period of formal training, not to exceed five (5) years, at which
time this membership shall automatically terminate.
3. Associate Members shall consist of those who possess the degree of
Doctor of Medicine, or its international equivalent, who are not engaged
in pathology or an allied biologic science, but who have demonstrated
an active interest in pathology or an allied science, all as shall be
determined by the Executive Committee.
4. Sustaining Members shall consist of those members who foster the
objectives of the Academy by gratuitous, annual, financial contributions
to the Academy. The minimum amount of each such contribution shall be
determined by the Council of each Division.
5. Honorary Members shall consist of persons distinguished for eminent
service to medicine and especially to the cause of pathology and to
6. Emeritus Members shall consist of those who have been in good standing
in the Academy and who have attained the age of 65 or who have retired
from gainful employment in the medical profession.
7. The annual membership dues of the Academy shall be fixed by the International
Council, shall be payable in advance, and shall include a year’s
subscription to International Pathology. Members delinquent in payment
of dues for two years may be dropped from membership at the discretion
of the Executive Committee. Dues shall be payable as follows: Members
of a Division shall pay to that Division the joint dues prescribed by
the Academy and the Division; the Division shall then pay to the Academy
that proportion of such dues which is attributable to membership in
the Academy; Members not belonging to a Division shall pay directly
to the Academy the dues prescribed by the Academy.
8. Junior and Associate Members shall pay nominal dues determined by
each Division. Honorary and Emeritus Members will be exempt from dues.
Junior, Associate, Honorary, and Emeritus Members will not receive.
International Pathology except by subscription may not vote or hold
office in the Academy but may be appointed to committees.
9. All members may subscribe to the publications of the various Divisions
at the same rate as paid by the members of those Divisions. The Secretary
of each Division shall be provided without charge the official publications
of the Academy and of each of its Divisions. Such publications shall
be retained in the permanent files of each Division.
CHAPTER II - Election and Tenure of Officers and Councilors
1. The officers shall be elected by the International Council to serve
the following terms:
a. The Secretary and the Treasurer, whether or not one person holds
both offices, shall be elected for a term of four (4) years.
b. All other officers shall be elected for terms of two (2) years.
c. The term of each office shall commence on the first day of the second
month following the adjournment of the meeting at which the officer
was elected provided, however, that should it be necessary to prevent
an unoccupied office an officer shall serve until his/her successor
is elected and qualified.
d. The President-elect at the conclusion of his/her term shall become
e. A Vice-President may succeed him/herself in office without limitation.
f. The Secretary and the Treasurer, whether or not one person holds
both offices, may succeed him/herself in one or both offices without
g. Except that the offices of the Secretary and the Treasurer may be
held by one person, no person shall simultaneously hold two (2) offices.
2. Should any office other than that of President or that of President-elect
become vacant, the office shall be filled by the Executive Committee
for the remainder of the term. If the office of President shall become
vacant, the President-elect shall thereupon become President for the
unexpired term, provided that such service shall not affect such person
becoming President upon adjournment of the next regular meeting of the
lnternational Council. In the event that the office of President becomes
vacant at a time when the office of President-elect is also vacant,
the Executive Committee shall fill the office of President for the remainder
of the term.
3. Those persons who shall be Councilors on the International Council
as provided in Article IV, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution, shall be
selected by the several Divisions by such procedures as shall be prescribed
in their respective bylaws. The number of Councilors that each Division
shall select shall be based on the number of members in that Division
as reflected on the roll of its members to be kept on file in the office
of the Secretary, the ratio of the number of members to the number of
Councilors to be as follows:
25 to and including 100 members 1 Councilor
101 to and including 500 members 2 Councilors
501 to and including 1000 members 3 Councilors
1001 to and including 2000 members 4 Councilors
2001 to and including 3000 members 5 Councilors
3001 or more members 6 Councilors
4. Each Councilor shall serve for a term of not less than two (2) years
from the date of his/her selection and thereafter until his/her successor
shall be selected and qualified.
5. At any meeting of the International Council the Secretary upon the
request of any member of the Council present shall report the number
of Councilors to which each Division is entitled and if requested read
the names of the Councilors from any one or more Division.
6. Should the qualifications of any Councilor to serve on the Council
be challenged by any member of the Academy, such challenge shall be
submitted in writing to the Secretary accompanied by evidence in writing
in support of the grounds of such challenge, and the President after
the Secretary shall report to him/her such challenge shall make a ruling
supporting or rejecting such challenge which ruling shall be final and
binding on all persons and should the ruling support the challenger,
the member challenged shall cease to be a member of the Council as of
the date of the ruling.
CHAPTER III - Duties of Officers, International Council and Executive
1. The International Council shall formulate policies and shall authorize
disbursements of the Academy’s funds, except that the endowed
funds of the Academy shall be spent only after specific authorization
by a two-thirds majority vote of the voting members present at a general
business meeting of the Academy or of those voting when polled by correspondence.
The International Council shall have authority to act for the Academy
in all matters except those otherwise specifically provided for in the
Constitution or Bylaws.
2. The Executive Committee, in addition to other duties provided for
in the Constitution or Bylaws, shall prepare a budget for the approval
of the International Council and shall make necessary adjustments according
to circumstances, provided, however, that the changes are within the
framework of the general policies determined by the International Council.
3. The President shall appoint such committees as are necessary for
the proper administration of the Academy’s affairs.
4. The duties of each Vice-President shall be to represent the Academy
and coordinate the activities of the Divisions in his/her area.
5. The Secretary shall maintain a central office for the transaction
of the business of the Academy and for the housing of the Academy’s
documents. He/she shall submit to the Executive Committee and to the
International Council a report of all transactions.
6. The Treasurer shall collect dues and other funds, disburse monies,
and submit to the Executive Committee a financial statement that will
be audited by a Certified Public Accountant. The audited report shall
be kept permanently. He/she shall also submit an estimated annual budget
to the Executive Committee.
CHAPTER IV - Editor
1. The Editor of International Pathology shall be appointed by the International
Council for a four (4) year period, effective the January 1 following
2. The Editor shall execute editorial policies in conformity with the
aims of the Academy and with the general principles formulated by the
International Council. There shall be no change in the contractual arrangements
with a publisher without the approval of the Executive Committee.
3. The Editor shall submit to the Executive Committee a written annual
summary of the activities of International Pathology, including financial,
editorial and other affairs. The financial report shall be audited in
a manner to be determined by the Executive Committee. The Editor’s
report shall be kept permanently in the office of the Secretary.
4. The Editor shall submit an estimated budget in advance of each year’s
activities for the approval of the Executive Committee.
5. The Editorial Board shall be appointed by the International Council
on the recommendation of the Editor.
CHAPTER V - Meetings
1. The International Council shall approve the location of the International
Congresses and regional meetings.
2. An IAP division wishing to host a future International Congress shall
submit a written proposal to the Secretary of the IAP at least six years
before the requested venue date.
3. The Executive Committee of the IAP shall examine the proposals received
and reach a final decision for recommendation to Council at least 5
years prior to the requested date of the International Congress.
4. The proposal shall include recommendations regarding meeting facilities
and hotel accommodations for participants and the names of two or more
Professional Congress Organizers who have had experience in organizing
at least three international medical congresses (with no less than 1,000
active participants at each) and should have suitable recommendations
from the organizers of those congresses.
5. A site visit by two IAP Executive officers and the Director of International
Congresses will be carried out before final acceptance. Travel and living
expenses for members of the site visit team will be budgeted for and
paid by the host division.
6. The International Congress budget shall include, among others, provision
a. Air transportation to the Congress of the President of IAP and the
Secretary of IAP.
b. A complimentary suite for the President of IAP.
c. Complimentary accommodations for the duration of the Congress for:
1) the President-Elect of IAP, 2) the Immediate Past-President of IAP,
3) the Secretary of IAP, 4) the Treasurer of IAP, and 5) the Director
of International Congresses.
d. A fee of $20 (USD) per active registrant to be included in the International
Congress budget as a separate item under Congress expenditure. This
fee must be set aside by the local Congress Committee and transferred
to the Treasurer of IAP at the conclusion of the Congress.
e. Comprehensive Congress liability insurance coverage for the host
division and the IAP. The IAP shall receive a certificate from the host
division to this effect.
7. The Executive Committee shall appoint an Organizing Committee for
each International Congress to include representatives of the host country.
8. The President of the Academy shall appoint the President for each
9. The Organizing Committee for each International Congress shall:
a. Select the specific subjects and the invited speakers.
b. Approve the budget.
c. Appoint a local arrangements committee.
d. Appoint such other committees, as it deems appropriate.
10. The program of each International Congress shall include scientific
sessions and exhibits, as well as provide meeting times and facilities
for the General Business Meeting, The Executive Committee meetings and
the International Council Meeting as required by the President of IAP.
11. All officers of the IAP shall pay registration fees for the International
12. A loan to facilitate initial Congress planning may be requested
by the host Division, the amount to be negotiated with the treasurer
of the IAP.
13. Initiation of the loan repayment in full to the Treasurer of the
IAP must be accomplished by the first day of the first month following
the adjournment of the Congress.
14. The Division wishing to host a future International Congress of
the IAP must be able to meet the above requirements and submit a statement
to that effect to the Secretary of IAP.
15. The organization of regional meetings shall be substantially similar
to that of International Congresses.
16. Registration, course, and other fees collected from International
Congresses and regional meetings shall be spent in accordance with the
budget approved by the Organizing Committee. At the conclusion of any
such Congresses or meetings, the Organizing Committee shall meet to
receive a full financial statement. Any surplus funds will be distributed
appropriately In such manner, in such amounts, and to such recipients
as shall be determined by the Organizing Committee in its uncontrolled
discretion provided that any transfer of funds of the Academy must be
controlled by the limitation set forth in Article X. of the Constitution
of the Academy as amended at the Congress at which this amendment to
the Bylaws is presented, and said Article having been Article IX prior
to such amendment. The Academy may derive funds from any Congress or
other meetings effected under its auspices, subject, however, to negotiation
with the Organizing Committee and the restrictions and provisions of
the said Article X, formerly Article IX of the Constitution as immediately
17. At any regular or special meeting of the International Council,
each Councilor shall be entitled to vote in person or by written proxy
held by a member of the International Council present at such meeting.
Without the holding of a meeting, questions to be decided by the International
Council or the Executive Committee may be submitted by ballot to the
members of the International Council or the Executive Committee, as
the case may be, by the President and a majority of votes cast by such
ballots and submitted to the Secretary to be received within sixty (60)
days after the submission of the ballots shall be decisive.
CHAPTER VI — Committees
1. The President shall appoint a Nominating Committee consisting of
the three (3) persons who shall have most recently served as President
of the Academy, which committee shall report to the International Council
at each of its regular meetings, provided, however, that nominations
may also be made from the floor.
2. The President shall appoint a Gold Medal Nominating Committee of
three (3) persons of senior standing from at least two (2) Divisions
of the Academy, which committee shall nominate one (1) or more candidate(s)
for the “Gold Medal of the International Academy of Pathology”
to be reported for approval by the International Council, to be awarded
at each biennial International Congress of the International Academy
3. The President may, upon his/her own initiative, and shall upon authorization
of the International Council, create and appoint such committees as
are deemed necessary for the operation of the Academy. (See Appendix,
CHAPTER VII - Amendments to the Bylaws
These Bylaws may be amended by the approval of two thirds of the members
of the Academy voting thereon by ballot on a form to be prepared by
the Secretary and mailed to each member eligible to vote and after being
marked by such member shall be returned to the Secretary so that it
will be received by him/her not later than sixty (60) days after being
mailed by the Secretary, provided, however, that no proposed amendment
shall be submitted for adoption unless and until it shall have been
first reviewed by the Executive Committee and then approved by the International
Council, whose approval and a statement of the reasons therefore together
with a copy of the substance- of the proposed amendment shall accompany
each ballot when it is mailed to each member eligible to vote.
Appendix, IAP Bylaws
Chapter VI, 3. - Committees
The President with the authorization of the International Council has
appointed the IAP Education Committee consisting of 14 members. Members
include the Chair (4 year term, renewable), Ex-officio members: President,
Past President, President Elect and Secretary and 10 members appointed
for 4 year terms, renewable to represent the Global regions and divisions.
Terms of Reference, approved, are:
1. This Committee is established to serve in an advisory capacity to
the Executive Committee and the Council.
2. The Committee is charged with identifying educational and scientific
needs in underserved geographic areas.
3. It is further charged with the responsibility to arrange, supervise,
audit, and evaluate educational programs, that are responsive to these
needs, and that are supplemental to the offerings of the biannual Congresses
of the International Academy.
4. With the approval of the Executive Committee, the Committee is empowered
to select lecturers, faculty, course directors, and moderators for structured
presentations such as symposia, courses, and lectures, as will most
appropriately satisfy the educational and scientific needs of the sponsored
5. The Committee is required to provide an annual written report to
the Executive Committee and/or Council.
REQUIREMENTS FOR HOSTING THE BIENNIAL CONGRESS
OF THE lNTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF PATHOLOGY
A Division intending to host an IAP Congress should apply in writing
to the Secretary of IAP. The lead-time for presenting a proposal is
6 (six) years before the event. The invitation will then be presented
to the Executive Committee of IAP, either at the biennial Congress or
the annual meeting of USCAP.
THE SET UP:
Committees: Once the venue has been finally accepted, the first requirement
is that there should be strong local Divisional support for the invitation.
A potential President of the Congress and a viable Congress Committee,
capable of handling the scientific program, the finances, social events,
exhibits, etc. should be elected as soon as possible.
The Executive of the IAP will appoint the International Organizing
Committee for the Congress to consist of: The President, IAP, the President
Elect, the Immediate Pat President, the Secretary, the Treasurer of
IAP, the President of the Congress, the President of the host Division
and the Director International Congresses.
The Congress organizing committee should work hand in hand with the
chosen P.C.O. (Professional Congress Organizer) while maintaining contact
with the International Organizing committee, to plan and implement all
aspects of the Congress.
Timetable, Program and Logo
Decide on the dates of the Congress. IAP Congresses are usually held
in September or October. Check dates for National or religious holidays,
or Pathology meetings which may interfere with Congress participation.
Registration fees: should be based on those of the previous Congresses,
plus an international inflation rate of about 2-3%
Block your Conference venue and hotel space.
Have the Congress logo early on so the letterheads and stationary can
be printed. The letterhead is indispensable even 5 years before the
actual Congress takes place.
Early contact with keynote speakers and chairpersons. You may need their
names to promote the Congress (with their permission, of course.)
Try to get outside sponsorship, by looking at lists of sponsors for
previous Congresses. This eases the finances that are based solely on
registration fees and commercial exhibits.
Establish your timetable (skeleton timetable at this early stage):
-To block congress venue and hotels for the exact dates of the Congress
-To allow for planning of social events and accompanying persons program
-To allow for invitations for speakers and papers in good time
-To plan some pre and post congress tours
The IAP biennial Congress has a five day scheduled period for scientific
sessions, with other activities (i.e. get together reception before
the Congress) so that if the Congress is scheduled to begin the scientific
program on a Monday a.m., the program would look like this:
-Sunday evening: Get-together reception
-Monday, Opening ceremony, followed by sessions.
-Tuesday: a.m. and p.m. sessions. (Evening free social event)
-Wednesday, a.m. and p.m. sessions
-Thursday, a.m. and p.m. sessions (evening Congress Dinner)
-Friday, a.m. and p.m. sessions and closing ceremony.
The scientific program of the Congress is usually very comprehensive
and of high standard, with an Opening ceremony, daily plenary sessions
with well known speakers, symposia, free papers and posters, between
16-20 Slide Seminars, 16-20 short courses and 1 0r 2 long courses.(Slide
Seminars, short and long courses by subscription) and a closing ceremony.
During session’s breaks, tea/coffee is served.
The official language of the Congress is English. Simultaneous translation
is not provided.
1) Get-together reception for all registrants, including registered
accompanying persons…included in registration fees.
2) Folklore, or typical national evening for all registrants, including
registered accompanying persons, included in registration fee. Other
shows, concerts, etc. and the Congress Dinner are by subscription. An
attractive 3 half-day tour program for registered accompanying persons
should be offered.
An exhibition is held in conjunction with the Congress and should have
ample booth space and opportunities for delegates to visit. It is advisable
to serve coffee there during breaks. Exhibits can be a good source of
income for the budget.
Congress center, convention hotel or University, should include one
large lecture hall seating about 2000 participants and 10 – 12
other break out rooms of varying sizes for concurrent sessions. In addition
the venue should have a suitable registration area, slide preview room,
microscope room with power outlets for at least 50 microscopes, secretariat
office, storage facilities and a hospitality room. Also a suitable open
area for poster presentations and a large open area for exhibit with
sufficient power outlets.
In the past several different kinds of venues have been used successfully,
including all three mentioned above. As long as they work they are acceptable.
Appropriate hotel accommodations in various categories for about 2000
participants must be available. These hotels should, if possible be
within walking distance of the Congress venue. Alternately, public transport
should be available near the hotels.
International transportation: easy access to an International airport
is a must.
There should be no restrictions on visas. Registrants from ALL divisions
must be able to attend the Congress.
Professional Congress Organizer (P.C.O)
The IAP has always insisted on a suitable local P.C.O. to handle the
technical and administrative parts of the Congress and who should preferably
be a member of a recognized international association of congress organizers.
1st announcements to be printed and mailed two years before the Congress
(immediately following the previous one) and should also be distributed
at Pathology meetings wherever possible, certainly at the previous Congress
and at USCAP meetings.
2nd announcements: including a well advance scientific program, abstract
forms, registration forms, accommodation forms, to be mailed at the
end of December, after Christmas, 9-10 months prior to the Congress.
Deadline for receipt of abstracts: May, 4-5 months before the Congress
Date for receipt of slide seminar blocks and case histories, February,
9 months before. Date for receiving the slide sets: May, June 4-5 months
before the Congress.
Printing deadlines (to be settled with printer according to the above
dates and depending on local conditions.
-2nd Announcement (with all necessary forms)
-Final Program (for Congress)…Case Histories for Seminar
-Long Courses, Seminars, and other handouts, Lists of Participants
-Presidental Message for Final Program
Mailing of 1st and 2nd Announcements: A mailing list of division members
is now available from the Secretary of IAP. However, bulk mailing to
the Division Secretaries for mailing in each country is desirable. This
saves a lot of money on mailing and is especially useful for mailing
Registration Desks at the Congress Venue:
Desks should be open from the day prior to the start of the Congress
and daily for the duration thereof.
The secret of successful promotion is to reach the prospective participants
with the message that the Congress is both topic-important as well as
site attractive. Good speakers bring more participants and so may the
-At least some of the topics should be new or newsworthy
-The Congress must allow presentation of free papers, which for some
participants is a must in order for them to attend.
-Promotion at previous regional and International Congresses
-Publishing announcements in professional journals
-Getting your local Tourist Ministry to obtain promotional material,
-The Internet - Website for the Congress
Managing the financial aspects of the Congress is one of the most difficult
tasks and here the advice of the P.C.O. will be of great importance.
The first budget is prepared so long in advance of the Congress date,
that it is in fact a “theoretical” budget.
The second budget is prepared when you already know how much the registration
fees will be, the price of the meeting rooms rental, the price per square
meter for the exhibits, how much to charge for slide seminars, the price
of the social events and tours and the A.V. You still do not know, in
terms of income at this stage, the number of participants, or the number
The third budget, updating the second one, is probably the closest to
the final one, around 2 months before the Congress takes place. You
should have most of the registrations in (although unfortunately people
register later and later). You will know the number of exhibitors, posters,
the exact number of meeting rooms and the types, numbers and expenses
for the social events. Sometimes, however, there is a big difference
between expectation and reality and the most dangerous items are those
that cannot be changed at this final stage. Therefore always prepare
2 budgets, one with the lowest projected number of registrants and one
that has better potential.
The main income of every Congress comes from three main sources:
Slide Seminars (after expenses)
Sometimes there are sponsors and also advertisements in the Congress
Estimated Income (Fixed)
Printing (all Congress printed material)
Congress venue (meeting rooms and exhibit and poster space)
Mailing (including cutting, packing and mailing slide sets)
A.V. equipment, P.C.O. (including manpower for the Congress
Travel expenses for IAP President and Secretary plus hotel accommodation
for same, and for the President elect, Immediate past President, Treasurer
and Director of International Congresses.
Other travel expenses, Promotion and advertising, signs, site visit
Miscellaneous, i.e. security, banners, flowers, unforeseen expense
Coffee during breaks
Social events (Opening Ceremony, Get-together reception, Folklore evening)
Tours for accompanying persons
Name badges, notepad and pens
Certificates of attendance. Fee of $20. - for registered participants
Registration fees – Participants, Residents, Trainees, Accompanying
persons, Exhibits, Advertisements, Slide Seminars
Sponsors (if any)
Pre and post Congress tours should not be part of the budget. The P.C.O.
should arrange these with the aid of a local travel agent or tour agency
and of course with the approval of the Congress Organizing Committee.
There are no assurances for total success of a Congress, however the
host Division must make sure not to have a budgetary deficit, and at
least break even. We have never ended a Congress with a deficit. Most
of the time the Congresses are profitable over and above the built in
$20. - per head for the IAP.
We hope that the Division hoping to host one of the International
Congresses of IAP will find these guidelines useful.
PROCEDURES FOR ESTABLISHING A NEW DIVISION
Pathologists wishing to establish a new Division of the IAP in a Country
or Region where there is no pre-existing Division should undertake the
• Discuss with one or more of the Officers of the Academy and
Officers of Divisions in neighbouring regions.
• Review a copy of the Constitution and By-Laws of the IAP and
obtain copies of the Constitutions of several Divisions, particularly
those in the same region or with a similar culture or social system.
• Organize the group of colleagues who are medical graduates,
who have had a minimum of four years of training and experience in pathology
and who have demonstrated an interest in research and teaching (see
IAP By-Laws Chapter 1) that support and be actively involved in the
formation of a new Division of the IAP.
• Consult with two or three of the most interested and energetic
local pathologists and draft a provisional Constitution modeled on one
of the other Divisions’ Constitutions adapted to meet local requirements.
It is important to obtain local legal advice at this point, particularly
if there is local Corporate Law relating to non profit organizations
and tax exemptions.
• Convene a meeting of interested pathologists from as many centers
in the Country or Region as possible. For a viable Division, a minimum
of 10 people, 25 pathologists should attend the meeting and support
• The meeting should formally resolve to form a new Division,
in accordance with the aims and objectives of the IAP as laid out in
its Constitution and By-Laws.
• The meeting should adopt the proposed Constitution of the new
Division, in its proposed format.
• When the Constitution is adopted, the meeting should elect
officers (President, Secretary, Treasurer, Councilors etc.) in accordance
with the newly adopted Constitution.
• The adoption of an appropriate annual membership fee and a
list of paid up member should be ratified.
• The new Divisional Secretary should write a letter to the
Secretary of the International Academy of Pathology notifying the
IAP Secretary of the formation of the provisional Division and
requesting that the proposed new Division be approved by the International
Council of the IAP at its next meeting.
Include with the letter:
(A) A Copy of the newly adopted Constitution.
(B) A list of Officers and paid up members
(C) A statement that the new Division will submit US $4 per member annually
as dues to the IAP Treasurer after the International Council approves
establishment of the new Division.
• Ensure that the legal liability of the members of the new Division
is limited when the Division becomes incorporated as a legal entity
under local laws.
Please Note: The International Academy of Pathology
has no power to impose either restrictions or sanctions against any
pathologists from any Country. There is no provision for sanctions in
Constitution nor have any such actions been undertaken in the past,
including during times of war and upheavals. The Academy is strictly
non political and any group that fulfills the above requirements and
has adopted a Constitution that is consonant with the aims, objectives
and ideals of the IAP as laid out in Article II of the IAP Constitution,
should be accepted.
Relationship of IAP Divisions to Local
The IAP and its Divisions form an international network for education
and research in anatomical / surgical pathology and cytology. Other
pathology societies restricted to local, national or regional spheres;
may be concerned with other disciplines of pathology; may be involved
in the examination and certification of pathologists (a “Boards”
function); or may have industrial, fee determining or political functions.
There are no restrictions on the relationships of IAP Divisions to
other local pathology societies or organizations. In some places, an
IAP Division may be completely divorced from other pathology societies.
Alternatively, joint meetings or combined activities may be held, while
some divisions has the same membership structure of the local society,
with the same people holding similar offices in each organization. This
relationship is one cost effective way of providing an international
arm to a local society. The forms of the arrangements are of no consequence
to the IAP, as long as it does not contravene the IAP Constitution and
as long as it achieves the aims and objectives of the Academy.
IAP EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE SCHEMES
The matched grants scheme
In 1994, the Academy agreed to support international educational
programs run by individual divisions with matching grants.
The upper limit of the Academyís support is US$2,000. These grants
are intended to encourage divisions to organize and run pathology education
programs in needy areas where pathology education is depressed. Divisions
wishing to apply for a grant should submit a detailed proposal to the
Other educational assistance
Individual divisions may submit detailed requests for financial assistance
for educational programs to the Secretary. Such proposals will be considered
by the Finance Committee and the Council. Academy funds are strictly
limited but the Academy, in accordance with its aims and objectives,
will give as much support to bona fide proposals as it can.
GOLD MEDALS OF THE ACADEMY
Chair: Antonio Llombart-Bosch, MD Antonio.LLombart@uv.es
Member: Cecilia Fenoglio-Preiser, MD firstname.lastname@example.org
Member: David F. Hardwick, MD email@example.com
The Council of the IAP will award the Gold Medal Of the Academy to
distinguished individuals to commemorate and acknowledge their outstanding
contributions to international programs for excellence in scholarly
education and research in pathology. The awards will be announced at
the Biennial Business Meeting of the Academy and the medals may be presented
at a suitable meeting of the Division of the IAP of which the awardee
is a member. More than one medal may be awarded each biennium. Nominations,
including a summary of the nomineesí outstanding contributions and evidence
of support from the Academy or one of its Divisions, should reach the
Secretary by March 1 in the year of the International Conference. Nominations
can be made by any past or present Office Bearer of the IAP or of its
Divisions, and will be considered by the Nominating Committee which
will make recommendations to the Council at the Biennial Council Meeting.
THE PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL OF OFFICE AND GAVEL
The original Presidential Medal of Office, made of solid gold, was
stolen during the 1970 Congress. A replacement gold plated replica was
passed from outgoing to incoming President at the Business Meeting held
during each Congress. In 1996, Dr. F. K. Mostofi , who claimed to be
partly resposible for the lack of security which resulted in the theft
of the original gold medal, donated the replacement solid gold Presidential
Medal of Office. It was cast in Saudi Arabia and worn for the first
time at the Budapest Congress. Dr. Mostofi wisely recommended that this
medal be adequately insured.
The Presidential Gavel was presented to the Academy by Dr. F. K. Mostofi
circa 1985. It is made from wood salvaged from the old Army Medical
Museum (the Red Brick Building) in downtown Washington DC, just before
the Museum was demolished. It would be almost impossible to conceive
a more fitting way or donor to commemorate the seminal role played by
the Army Medical Museum in the formation of the International Association
of Medical Museums and the International Academy of Pathology. As with
the Medal of Office, The gavel is passed on by hand from one President
to the next. The inscription on the gavelís head is engraved on brass,